Hand surgery amputations in the hand, finger, arm, forearm, foot, leg and thigh; These are procedures performed for the treatment of tendon, vessel and nerve injuries. It’s called ” hand surgery “Although, these surgical applications can be applied to all areas from the fingers to the shoulder area. Even surgeries to the thigh and foot area are also considered within this scope. In hand surgery, it is to repair the tissues that have been deformed for various reasons in the targeted area. It is also possible to eliminate some congenital shape problems. Hand surgery; It can be used for the treatment of many injuries and medical problems, except for fractures (fractures) in the wrist, arm, forearm, leg or thigh bones.
What is Hand Surgery?
Hands are one of the most important parts of the body. It has a great role in our ability to easily perform daily life activities. For this reason, injuries and injuries in the hand area must be treated carefully. At this point, hand surgery is one of the most frequently used treatment methods. Hand surgery can be applied in many situations, especially injuries. Contrary to what its name suggests, it also covers the treatment of injuries in the arm, elbow, foot, thigh and leg areas. Various diseases, traumas, congenital problems and some fractures can be treated with these methods.
Microsurgery is one of the most preferred methods in hand surgery . In microsurgery applications, the area to be operated is enlarged with the help of special glasses. Thus, it is possible to see the nerve and vascular structures in very sensitive areas such as fingers clearly and to treat them much more successfully.
Why is Hand Surgery Performed?
Hand surgery can be used in the treatment of many ailments. The main preferred areas are:
Hand and Finger Amputation
Intervention time is very important in these treatments, also known as replantation . Especially in cases where the finger or hand is completely severed, the part should be sewn back into place as soon as possible, since the veins are also severed. This period is longer in partial ruptures, but they are still considered very risky and should be treated with hand surgery as soon as possible. At this point, it is also very important that the broken piece is delivered to the hospital safely. Thanks to hand surgery, successful treatment is possible in most of the rupture cases. However, when the damage is too much (crush, pulling, dirty wound, etc.), successful results may not be obtained with replantation.
Tendon, Vascular and Nerve Injuries
These are injuries that are frequently seen especially in traffic accidents and work accidents. At this point, just like in ruptures, early intervention is very important. It can be much more difficult for the tissues to heal if not intervened in a timely manner. For this reason, there may be a risk that the hand will completely lose its functions. At the same time, because the veins are damaged excessively, the tissues that the vein carries blood cannot be fed adequately. Therefore, besides the hand, there may be a risk of losing the vitality of different tissues.
Nerve compression is a condition that can be seen in many parts of the body. It can also occur in the hands, elbows or wrists for various reasons. Discomforts due to nerve compression can also be treated with hand surgery. When these ailments are not treated, the mobility in the limb gradually decreases. Muscle wasting and sensation may occur. Microsurgery is generally preferred in the treatment of nerve compressions and very successful results can be obtained from the treatment. With hand surgery:
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
- Ulnar Tunnel Syndrome
- Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
- Dupuytren’s Disease
- De Quervain’s Disease
- trigger finger
Many diseases can be treated, such as
Nail Injuries and Ingrown Nails
Ingrown toenails and other nail injuries are one of the most common need for hand surgery. As the ingrown nail progresses, it can cause the meat in the area to become infected. Therefore, the discomfort can become much more serious and disturbing. In this case, it is possible to relieve the area with surgical procedures to the nails and cuticles.
Congenital Hand Anomalies
Although it is rare, it may be possible to have extra fingers, attached fingers or fingers in an abnormal angular structure. Hand surgery is also preferred in the treatment of these anomalies. Depending on the condition of the anomaly, the appearance of the fingers and hand can be made completely healthy or corrected to alleviate the complaints that affect daily life.
It is a disorder characterized by bending and cramping of the fingers. It usually occurs due to the thickening of a tissue called ” palmar aponeurosis ” in the palm. As it progresses, it can completely restrict the function of the fingers and seriously affect the daily life of the patient. Depending on the course of the disease, cortisone injections may be preferred in the initial stages. However, the most effective treatment in advanced stages is surgery.